As an essential part of the resin glands (trichomes) of the female cannabis plant, CBD is one of more than 80 chemical compounds known as cannabinoids. Some cannabinoids are agonists that bind to special receptors in their cells, called cannabinoid receptors; others, such as CBD, are more complicated to describe, as they exert their action on some of the lesser-known receptor families.
Certain receptors are strongly concentrated in the central nervous system while others are found in almost all organs of the body. Cannabinoid receptors are found even in the skin, digestive tract, and even in the reproductive organs.
You can think of agonists as “keys” and receptors as “locks”. By consuming CBD oil you are consuming agonists that interact with different “locks” in the body’s cells.
Together, these cell receptors form the endocannabinoid system (SEC).
The SEC is a vast network of cellular receptor proteins with many functions. Some describe the SEC as the body’s largest neurotransmitter system.
Some of the functions described in the SEC are:
Control of motor coordination
Immune system function
Perception of pain
Four primary purposes of the SEC include neuroprotection, stress recovery, immune balance, and homeostatic regulation. The latter is an elegant way of referring to a system that creates an optimal energy balance in the body.
Somehow, the CBD seems to take advantage of this system of balance to produce its therapeutic effects. CBD is able to interact with the cells of our body because the molecule has a structure similar to the chemical agents that the human body naturally produces, called endocannabinoids.